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Newspapers of Madison County, Illinois

Madison County ILGenWeb Coordinator - Beverly Bauser

 

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CITY OF ALTON:

ALTON JOURNAL, dates unknown [probably 1880s, 1890s], launched by publisher William A. Bode, which was suspended when Mr. Bode took sick and was no longer able to give it his personal attention. German newspaper. He not only wrote his own copy, but set the type from which the printing was done.

 

ALTON MONITOR, June 1848. Formerly the Protestant Monitor. Religious mantle exchanged for that of Democracy, with Lewis Cass and William O. Butler promoted for the Presidency and Vice-Presidency. John McPike withdrew from the paper. It was continued as a campaign paper a few weeks later, and Martin Van Buren’s name substituted for Cass and Butler. It was then under the editorial control of John W. Buffum. Suspended at the close of the campaign.

 

ALTON REPUBLICAN, date of founding unknown. In August 1902, it changed its name to "The Republic." The incorporators were D. R. Sparks, John McAdams and Eugene Gaskins. It was stated the Republican will, as soon as the building can be erected, move to Second street [Alton], next door to Melling & Gaskins job printing establishment. The name of the new company indicates that the Republican will henceforth be known as "The Republic." Source: Alton Evening Telegraph, August 16, 1902.

 

ALTONIAN, April 6, 1838. A four-column folio, edited and published by Lawson A. Parks and Edmund Breath. Favored Whig principles. Supported Henry Clay for the presidency. Only three numbers issued.

 

(THE ALTON) AMERICAN, November 22, 1833-1834. Founded by J. S. Buchanan; devoted to the agricultural, mechanical, and mercantile interests of Lower Alton and surrounding country; religious but not denominational. Published by Messrs. Bailey and Parks and edited by Rev. Thomas Lippincott. Monthly.

 

(ALTON) BANNER, May 1866 - 1865+. German paper established by Pfeiffer Brothers. In five months, John Mold purchased the paper and continued publication until October 1, 1868, when the leaders of the Republican party bought the paper and put V. Walter in charge as editor. In 1869 it was sold to Messrs. Meyer and Voss; 1870 Meyer purchased Voss' interest, and in January 6, 1877 sold to R. Boelitz, who in 1881 sold to Messrs. Zechmeister and Henzel; on April 26, 1882 Messrs. Kleinwot and Henzel became editors and publishers. Independent in politics after 1882. Also, publisher was William A. Bode.

 

CHRISTIAN NEWS, 1875 - 1875. Monthly. Edited by Rev. Robert West. Published in the interest of the Congregational church by E. A. Smith. In 1876 it was sold to the Advance Company of Chicago.

 

COMMERCIAL GAZETTE, March 12, 1839 - March 1840. Published by Samuel S. Brooks and John H. Pettit. It was suspended in March 1840, and revived for the campaign, after which it was again suspended. It was Democratic in politics.

 

(ALTON) COURIER, June 4, 1852 - 1861. Founded and published by George T. Brown, a prominent member of the Madison County Bar, and a wealthy citizen of Alton. Associated with him were John Fitch (who had been editor of the Carrollton Banner), and James Gamble. The Courier was issued as a daily, tri-weekly, and weekly paper. It was an eight-column folio. Politically is was Democratic, and was founded upon a very liberal scale, and assumed a commanding position among the newspaper of the State. At the close of the first volume, Mr. Gamble retired. Mr. Fitch continued until 1854, when he dissolved his connection with the Courier, and soon after became editor of the National Democrat. When the Courier was established, the Telegraph was the only paper published in Alton, and was the organ of the Whig (Republican) party. The Courier continued to do service until 1854, when the paper took a stand in favor of Free-soil, which then meant no farther extension of slavery. The Telegraph advocated the same measures. After negotiations, Mr. Brown purchased the subscription lists of the Telegraph, and transferred them to the Courier. The Telegraph then ceased publication. The office of the Telegraph was then used as a job office until 1861, when the Telegraph was revived. In 1856, Mr. Brown erected a large, four-story building with basement, for his use. This building was subsequently occupied by the Alton Telegraph, which was revived upon the suspension of the Courier. Mr. Brown continued editor and sole proprietor of the Courier until January 1, 1860, when he transferred it to B. J. F. Hanna and S. V. Crossman. They conducted the paper through the campaign of 1860. In December of 1860, Webster severed his connection with the Courier, and it was continued by the remaining members of the firm until January 20, 1861, when publication was suspended.

 

ALTON NATIONAL DEMOCRAT, 1854 - 1869 A five-column paper established in response to the Nebraska Bill, by George M. Thompson, Esq., as publisher and proprietor, and John Fitch, formerly of the Courier, as editor. The paper was popular, and soon doubled its growth. Thompson retired after a few months, and Fitch took over. Fitch’s brother, T. S. Fitch, became a partner and editor until March 1859, when he left the company. John Fitch continued the business, and erected a new building for his growing newspaper. On June 6, 1860, the building, presses, type, and steam fixtures were destroyed by a tornado. There was a lapse in the publication for seven weeks, and then Robert P. Tansey purchased new presses and type, and resumed publication. A few months later, the paper passed into the hands of William T. Brock, and from him to W. T. Dowdall. Thomas Dimmock became editor. Dowdall sold out to John C. Dobelbower of Jerseyville on December 1, 1864. Mr. Dimmock continued as editor. On February 8 and 9, 1866, the presses, type, and office were destroyed by fire. The paper was resumed on March 17, 1866. In 1869, the newspaper was moved to Lafayette, Indiana.

 

CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN, 1868 - 1874. Previously Western Cumberland Presbyterian. In 1874 it was sold and moved to Nashville, Tennessee.

 

DAILY EVENING DEMOCRAT, 1858 to 1865.

 

DEMOCRAT, 1875 - 1882+. Established by J. N. Shoemaker and Hugh E. Bayle. In 1876 a daily was begun. In three months, the paper passed into the hands of Perrin, Smith and Company. The "company" was D. C. Fitz Morris, editor. In 1878 Fitz Morris withdrew from the firm but continued as editor. Combined with Sentinel in 1882.

 

FREIE PRESSE, 1858 - 1859. Established by Dr. Canisius, and with the second issue transferred to Christian Schneider, who conducted it about one year. German.

 

GOOD TEMPLAR, 1865 - 1868. Edited by B. H. Mills. It had been published formerly at St. Louis. Temperance.

 

ILLINOIS BEOBACHTER, June 1856 – February 8, 1866. Established and published by John Reis, 1855-1863; V. Walter 1863-1864; G. H. Weigler 1864-1866. While conducted by Mr. Reis, it favored the Douglas wing of Democracy, and under Mr. Walter was Republican. It was a weekly German paper. Destroyed by fire.

 

ILLINOIS TEMPERANCE HERALD, June 1, 1836-1839. Monthly. Edited by F. W. Graves, and later by A. W. Corey, assisted by Timothy Turner; published by the executive committee of the Illinois State Temperance Society. November 1839 the title was changed to Missouri and Illinois Temperance Herald.

 

LADIES' PEARL, Summer 1857-1861. Edited by Dr. J. B. Logan and Rev. W. W. Brown in the interest of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Monthly. Monthly publication. Discontinued at the outbreak of the Civil War.

 

MADISON COUNTY SENTINEL, 1879 - 1882+. Established by James J. McInerney as an Independent daily. In 1882 it was combined with the Democrat as Daily Sentinel-Democrat, with McInerney as editor and proprietor. Later, it was published by a stock company. In 1905 W. H. Murphy bought a half interest; McInerney died in 1909, and Murphy sold his interest to his associates, who still conduct the paper.

 

MISSOURI AND ILLINOIS TEMPERANCE HERALD, November 1839 - 1842. Published simultaneously in St. Louis and Alton as the organ of the two state temperance societies. January 1842, the paper became the organ also of the Washingtonian societies, and the title with the number for that date became Missouri and Illinois Temperance Herald and Washingtonian. A. W. Corey was still editor.

 

MISSOURI CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN, 1855. In 1852 it was started at Lexington, Missouri. In March 1853 moved to St. Louis, and to Alton in 1855. Edited by Dr. J. B. Logan. In June 1855, the subscription list was sold and transferred to the Watchman and Evangelist, Louisville, Ky.

 

MORNING NEWS, 1876. Edited by James J. McInerney and Eugene J. Bronson. Daily, Independent. Suspended in three months.

 

NATIONAL DEMOCRAT, 1854-1869. Published by Geo. M. Thompson and edited by John Fitch, 1854 with George M. Thompson as Publisher; John and T. N. Fitch 1854-1859; John Fitch 1859-1860. In 1860 building and press were destroyed by a tornado. In seven weeks, Robert P. Tansey resumed its publication. In a short time it passed into the hands of Wm. T. Brock and from him to W. T. Dowdall, with Thomas Dimmock as editor. In 1864 Mr. Dowdall sold to John C. Dobelbower, but Mr. Dimmock continued editor. In 1866 it was destroyed by fire but was re-established and its publication was continued until 1869, when it was removed to Lafayette, Indiana.

 

OBSERVER, September 8, 1836 - August 21, 1837. This paper was first published in St. Louis as an organ of the Presbyterians. When Elijah P. Lovejoy became its editor, he began vigorously and unrelentingly to assail the institution of slavery through its columns. In 1836 he resolved to remove the press and material of the Observer to Alton, Illinois. Before shipment, much of the material was destroyed and cast into the Mississippi, and the rest met the same fate when it was unloaded on the wharf at Alton. Notwithstanding these events, Mr. Lovejoy procured a new press and the first issue of the Alton Observer appeared, September 8, 1836. This new press, type, and material were destroyed by a mob on the night of August 21, 1837. The third press was ordered, and destroyed on the night of its arrival, and the fragments were cast into the river. A fourth press was ordered at once. It was shipped from Cincinnati and arrived in Alton on the night of November 6, 1837. On the night of November 7, Mr. Lovejoy was killed, his press broken up and its fragments, too, cast into the Mississippi. The battered press lay in the river till 1858, when W. R. Mead bought the 'find' for $35, and removed it to Iowa. From 1858 to 1870 it was used to print the Cresco Plain Dealer, at New Oregon, Howard County, Iowa. Then George E. Frost bought it for $100 and printed the Clear Lake Observer on it till about 1876, when it was again sold to F. A. Gates, editor of the Belmont Herald. For about twenty years it remained in service at Belmont, Iowa, and was then sold to Mr. C. F. Gunther, of Chicago, who exhibited it in 'Libby Prison.' Beginning December 28, 1837, the Observer was printed in Cincinnati by Elisha W. Chester and sent to Alton for distribution. Rev. T. B. Hulburt supplied local news from Alton. This arrangement was abandoned April 19, 1838.

 

OUR FAITH, September 1875 - 1876. Monthly. Established by T. H. Perrin and Dr. J. B. Logan. It took the place of Cumberland Presbyterian. In 1876 it was sold to the St. Louis Observer, which was owned by Perrin and Smith, with Benton Farr, D. D., as editor.

 

PEOPLE'S MISCELLANY AND ILLINOIS HERALD, July 27, 1842 - ?. Another paper edited by A. W. Corey, who in the first number announced the discontinuance of the Illinois Temperance Herald. The prospectus announced the paper to be the organ of the Illinois State Temperance society, and all other temperance societies that wished to use its columns; but unlike its unsuccessful predecessors, this was to be a general newspaper. Parks and Souther were its publishers.

 

PRESBYTERY REPORTER. May 1, 1845. Religious magazine. Only two were published the first year. From May 1847 to May 1850 it was published quarterly, sixteen pages. From May 1850 to May 1854, it was published bi-monthly. The subscription list was then transferred to the Evangelist, printed at Chicago. In May 1855, the Reporter was resumed at Alton, and continued monthly, as the organ of the Presbyteries of the Illinois and Peoria synods. Rev. A. S. Norton was editor.

 

PROTESTANT MONITOR, March 1848 – May 24, 1848. Moved from Greenville. John M. McPike and E. M. Lathrop, publishers. It was devoted to Christianity, free discussion, literature, agriculture, general intelligence, the glory of God, and the rights of man. On June 23, 1848, the name was changed to the Alton Monitor.

 

SENTINEL-DEMOCRAT, ? - March 1911. The Sentinel-Democrat was put out of business as the result of a conference over the sale of the minority stockholders’ possessions in the paper to the rival Democrat paper. The suspension of the paper was the result of a sentiment among business men against a third newspaper in Alton. John F. Riley was foreman at the plant.

 

SPECTATOR January 21, 1832-1839. Originally a five-column paper, it later was enlarged to a seven-column paper. Published first in Upper Alton by O. M. Adams and Edward Breath. The firm soon dissolved and Mr. Breath alone removed this paper to Lower Alton, now Alton, in October 1832. Mr. J.T. Hudson successor to Mr. Breath, edited and published it 1834 - June 24, 1836. W. A. Beaty 1836. D. Ward 1836-1837. William Hessin 1837. Mr. Hessin and Seth T. Sawyer 1837. Mr. Hessin 1837-1838. J. Clark Virgin in December 1838, and he soon suspended it. It was Whig in politics, giving much attention to the banking system of the country.

 

SPECTATOR 1901 - ? Source: Alton Evening Telegraph, October 10, 1901. "Alton has a new paper, the Spectator, edited and published by Benjamin Rice and Alonzo Neininger, two 13 years old boys, who have ambition to become millionaires. The paper costs a penny but is worth at least five times that much, and is well filled with reading. The boys do all the work. The Telegraph wishes the Spectator a long life and a successful one."

 

STAR OF BETHLEHEM AND CANDID EXAMINER - ?. Edited by A. Doubleday. A religious paper; died with the first number. Its mission was to “reveal to the world much light, and hold in one hand the key to unlock the mazy labyrinth of iniquity and pour celestial oil and light on the eyeball of reason, that it may dispel the gloomy mist of superstition by holding out the Olive Branch of amity.”

 

SUCKER, January 5, 1840. Published by Parks and Beaty, and edited by "Ourselves," who were understood to be William S. and John Lincoln and Junius Hall. It was Whig and supported Harrison for the presidential nomination. It was merged in the Telegraph in March 1840.

 

SUCKER LIFE BOAT, January to July 1855. Comic sheet edited and published by John T. Beem, Martin Brooks, and Wilbur T. Ware.

 

TAPER, June 1840 - ?. A non-sectarian religious monthly, edited by Rev. Thomas Lippincott, a Presbyterian minister.

 

(THE) TELEGRAPH, January 15, 1836 to 1882. Founded by Richard M. Treadway and Lawson A. Parks. The young editors, 20 and 23 years old, opened a small office in the Lyceum building on Second Street [Broadway], just across the street from the site The Telegraph occupies today. Treadway and Parks frequently visited the levee, as steamboats were their means of contact with the rest of the world. They got news from passengers and crews, and sometimes were delighted to find newspapers from other cities. In the following years, the Telegraph was published by Messrs. Treadway, Parks, and S. G. Bailey, 1836-1837; Parks and Bailey, 1837; Mr. Parks 1837; Mr. Parks and John Bailhache 1837; Mr. Bailhache 1837-1838. In 1838 S. R. Dolbee purchased a half interest and firm continued until 1850 when Dolbee was succeeded by Wm. H. Bailhache, son of John Bailhache. From 1852-1854 E. L. Baker was one of the firm. Mr. Baker and L. A. Parks conducted it, 1854-1855. The Telegraph first went to daily publication in 1852. In 1855 the Telegraph was merged in the Courier and so remained until the death of the Courier in 1861, when Lawson A. Parks and J. T. Beem and S. V. Crossman revived the publication of the Telegraph. Parks and Crossman continued its publication 1861-1864; Mr. Parks and Thomas S. Pinckard 1864-1866; Mr. Parks 1866; Parks and Charles Holden 1866-1867; Parks, Holden, and W. T. Norton 1867-1875; Holden and Norton, 1875-1880; Mr. Norton 1880 to 1893. After 1888 the paper was published by the Alton Telegraph Printing Company. In 1893 W. T. Norton sold his stock to W. J. A. Cousley and W. H. Bauer, who with other stockholders continue to publish the paper, with W. J. A. Cousley as editor. Mr. John Bailhache was its editor, 1837-1841, and from 1841 for several years it was edited by George T. M. Davis. It was known simply as the Telegraph until April 3, 1841, when it became the Alton Telegraph and Democratic Review. In 1853 it became the Alton Telegraph and Madison County Record, which name it retained until merged in the Courier. When the Whig party died, it became a strong Republican organ. During the fall of 1836, great excitement spread over the country as a consequence of John Quincy Adams' contest in Congress over the right of petition. It is asserted that the Telegraph was the only paper west of Cincinnati which supported Mr. Adams in that struggle. January 1, 1851, a tri-weekly was begun; in 1852 the daily was begun; the weekly was continued.

 

TEMPERANCE HERALD, June 1, 1836 – 1842. A. W. Corey, editor, assisted by Timothy Turner (a noted temperance worker and orator). It was a four-column folio, published under the auspices of the Executive Committee of the Illinois Temperance Society. It reached a circulation of six to eight thousand copies. It was discontinued in the latter part of 1842.

 

TEMPERANCE WATCHMAN, 1872. Monthly. Edited by R. S. Smiley; published by E. A. Smith, "in the interest of the Temple of Honor and Temperance." Probably the ancestor of Temperance Banner.

 

THE MUSICIAN, first published in 1903. Founded by the Shurtleff College School of Music. W. D. Armstrong, editor. The publication was filled with interesting personal and musical news. It was a bi-yearly, $10 a copy publication, with no advertisements.

 

TRUTH SEEKER, November 1845 - September 1846. Quarterly. Edited by the Rev. Lemuel Foster. The occasion of the paper was the suppression, by the Chicago Western Citizen, of the report of the discussion which took place in the annual meeting of the Illinois Anti-Slavery Society, held June 1845, at Alton. After almost a year, Truth Seeker abandoned the task of reforming Mr. Eastman et al., and left the Western Citizen still impenitent.

 

VOICE OF ILLINOIS, May 19, 1838 to close of campaign. Supported Cyrus Edwards for governor, William H. Davidson for lieutenant governor, and George Churchill for senator. Campaign paper published by a Whig committee for Madison County.

 

VORWARTS, 1852-54. First German newspaper printed in Madison County, published by P. Stibolt and V. Walter. Mr. Stibolt took it to Galena, and subsequently he went to Peoria, where he became the editor of the Deutsche Zeitung. It was Democratic; supported rising statesman Stephen A. Douglas.

 

WEEKLY ALTON TELEGRAPH, 1858. A campaign paper edited by Messrs. Parks and Ennis, Mr. Parks being the political editor.

 

WESTERN CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN, June 1862 - 1868. Founded and edited by Rev. J. B. Logan, to take the place of the St. Louis Observer, which left the northwest without an organ. Devoted to religion, morality, church news in general. In 1866 he sold the subscription lists to T. H. Perrin, but remained editor until 1868, when Rev. J. R. Brown bought one-half interest in the paper. Dr. Logan then purchased the subscription lists of the Cumberland Presbyterian and united with Dr. Brown. The word "Western" was dropped, and the paper was called Cumberland Presbyterian.

 

WESTERN PIONEER AND BAPTIST STANDARD BEARER, September 14, 1836 - 1838. The Pioneer was established at Rock Spring, St. Clair County, Illinois, in January 1829. It was published under the auspices of the Rock Spring Seminary, a Baptist school founded by John M. Peck. In 1836, the press was moved to Alton, and the first number of the Western Pioneer and Baptist Standard Bearer was issued September 14, 1836. It was edited by Rev. John M. Peck, Rev. Ebenezer Rodgers, and Rev. Washington Leverett. With the publication of the second volume, the words “Baptist Standard Bearer" were dropped, and it was then known as the Western Pioneer. It was the organ of the Baptist Church throughout the west, and John M. Peck was its controlling genius and supporter. It was discontinued as a separate publication about the close of 1838, and combined in January 1839 with a paper published at Louisville, Kentucky, and New Albany, Iowa, entitled, in 1839, Baptist Banner and Western Pioneer.

 

 

CITY OF COLLINSVILLE:

ARGUS, 1871 - 1880. The Union Publishing Company were proprietors and A. W. Angier, editor. At the end of the first volume, L. D. Caulk became editor; the paper was then owned by the Collinsville Publishing Company. Caulk was succeeded by Anton Neustadt, who became editor and proprietor. In 1878, Connolly and Johnson became proprietors. In 1879, Connolly retired; in eight months publication was suspended. Republican until 1878, then Independent.

 

LIBERAL DEMOCRAT, 1872 - 1878. Started by A. W. Angier. In 1878 the presses were moved to Edwardsville. Democratic.

 

WEEKLY HERALD, 1879 - after 1884. James N. Peers was the first editor and publisher. In 1882, edited by William A. Garasche; in 1884 by James N. Peers. Independent.

 

 

CITY OF EDWARDSVILLE:

 

 (THE) CRISIS, April 14 - February 1831+. Fourth paper established in Madison County. Founded and edited by Samuel S. Brooks; evidently the mouthpiece of Theophilus W. Smith. After thirty-four numbers the name was changed to Illinois Advocate.

 

ILLINOIS ADVOCATE, +February 1831 - 1832+. Established and edited by Mr. Samuel S. Brooks, when after eighteen papers were published, the establishment passed into the hands of Judge John York Sawyer. J. Angevine was associated with Mr. Sawyer for a year. When Mr. Angevine retired, William Peach became a partner, Sawyer removed the establishment in December 1832 to Vandalia, the State capital. Mr. Sawyer merged the Western Plowboy in the Advocate, and in 1839 the paper was removed to Springfield. Sturdily Democratic-Republican in politics.

 

ILLINOIS CORRECTOR, 1827 – November 20, 1828. A four-column paper, Democratic in politics. Edited by R. K. Fleming, who, in 1828, moved back to Kaskaskia and published the Reporter. It was a pro-slavery paper and strongly supported Jackson for president.

 

ILLINOIS REPUBLICAN, April 12, 1823 - July 28, 1824. (Formerly the Star of the W est) Like the Star of the West, the Republican was pro-slavery. During the convention contest, April 1822 to August 1824, Judge Theophilus W. Smith and Emanuel J. West were the leading editors, who endeavored to counteract the influence of the Spectator.

 

INTELLIGENCER, November 12, 1862 to date. Named for the Illinois Intelligencer and published by James R. Brown and Henry C. Barnsback, with George B. Burnett, editor. After four months Barnsback retired. Brown continued the paper until his death in 1882, and made it the spokesman of his party in Madison county. In January 1883, the paper was purchased by Charles Boeschenstein, who merged with it the Highland Herald, which he published at Highland. He issued the Intelligencer weekly until January 1893, when it appeared semi-weekly. Beginning January 1903, it was issued every other day, and in January 1907 it was made a daily.

 

MADISON ADVERTISER, June 26, 1856 - 1865+. Founded by James R. Brown, who after four issues sold to O. C. Dake. His successors were Joseph L. Krafft; William G. Pinckart; Frank Springer, 1861 - 1862; Thompson and Dunnegan; Thompson alone, December 1861 - 1865; and Whitman and Crabb. Whig. Changed to Madison County Courier.

 

MADISON COUNTY ANZEIGER, May 7, 1875 - 1879. A German paper published by C. Lohmann and Son, with C. Lohmann as editor. In 1878 H. C. Lohmann retired; Mr. Lohmann Sr., continued the paper for but a short time thereafter. A paper bearing the same name was established in 1881. At first Independent, but in 1876 Republican.

 

MADISON COUNTY BOTE, +1869 - 1873. A continuation of Highland Bote, removed by B. E. Hoffman from Highland. In 1870 sold to E. G. Wolf and Frank Haag. In 1873 publication was suspended; the material reverted to Mr. Hoffman who sold it to Captain Anthony Neustadt of Collinsville. German, Democratic.

 

MADISON COUNTY COURIER, October 12, 1865 - 1869. Published by J. D. Whitman and Mr. Crabb. Crabb soon retired and J. D. Whitman published the paper alone until October 5, 1869, when he suspended publication and sold the material to S. V. Crossman.

 

MADISON COUNTY ENQUIRER, March 26, 1853 - 1856. Edited by Theodore Terry. Democratic. Terry was not a very good writer, and he lost the support of the community. It was suspended for a time and appeared again as the Weekly Madison Press.

 

MADISON COUNTY RECORD, February 14, 1850 - 1851. The first editors and publishers were Dallam and Ruggles; next Ruggles and Lemuel E. Smith; next Smith and David Gillespie, under whom its publication ceased. Ruggles went to Henry, Marshal county, and founded the Courier.

 

OUR TIMES, October 2, 1872 - 1881. A. W. Angier and T. S. Angier were editors and publishers. In 1881 it was sold to Messrs. Price and Simcox. In a month or so, Price withdrew, and in another month Simcox took E. W. Anderson as a partner. In three months, the latter retired. In two months Simcox sold a half-interest to Joseph S. Umberger. In May 1881, the name was changed to Edwardsville Times, 1881 - 1882. In 1882 Ansel L. Brown purchased the paper and changed the name to Democrat.

 

REPUBLICAN, July 1, 1869 to date. Established and published by S. V. Crossman until his death in July 1875; afterward one year by the S. V. Crossman Printing Company, R. B., T. M. and W. R. Crossman; two years by O. S. Reed and Company; purchased July 1, 1879 by sons of the founded, T. M. and W. R. Crossman, and operated by them until September 1907 when W. R. Crossman purchased interest of T. M. Crossman. Weekly until March 1, 1907, when it was changed to a twice-a-week edition. For a short time beginning July 16 or 17, 1876, it was published daily. Has been Republican since its founding.

 

SOVEREIGN PEOPLE, Spring of 1840 – Summer of 1841. Formerly the Western Weekly Mirror. Edited by James Ruggles.

 

SPECTATOR, May 25, 1819 - 1826. A five-column paper founded and edited by Hooper Warren, assisted by George Churchill (a practical printer and a writer of well-known ability), 1819 - 1825; Thomas Lippincott and Jeremiah Abbott, 1825 - 1826. It was the third paper published in the State. The Spectator strongly opposed the convention of 1824. "It was the first distinctively anti-slavery paper ever published in the State." Vol. 3, no. 141, February 19, 1822, is in the office of the Republican. The last number was issued October 20, 1826.

Hooper Warren was a native of New Hampshire, born in 1790. His family moved to Vermont when he was yet a child. He was apprenticed to the printing trade in the office of the Rutland Herald in Vermont. In 1814, he moved to Delaware, and three years later moved to Kentucky, where he worked in a printing office with Amos Kendall, who later became the Postmaster General. In 1818 Warren moved to St. Louis. In March 1819, he moved to Edwardsville, Illinois, and in May following, founded the Edwardsville Spectator. He was an anti-slavery man, and pro-slavery Senator Theophilus W. Smith tried to publicly “cowhide” him. Failing in that purpose, Smith drew a dirk (knife), but Mr. Warren drew his pistol, which proved an effective restorer of peace. After he sold his newspaper, Warren moved to Cincinnati, Ohio and edited the National Crisis. A year later, he returned to Edwardsville, and the Spectator fell back into his possession. He moved the type and material to Springfield, Illinois, and published for two years the Sangamo Spectator. Warren made several other moves, and ended in Chicago, where he published the Free West and Western Citizen. After this, he retired to his farm, and died August 22, 1854.

George Churchill, partner of Hooper Warren, was born at Hubbardtown, Vermont, October 11, 1789. He had a taste for literary work, which induced him to learn the printer’s trade. In February 1806, he entered the office of the Albany Sentinel as an apprentice. He later purchased a half interest in a small printing office, which he sold at a loss and went to New York. After five months he decided to go west. In Louisville, he worked in the Courier office, then in the office of the Correspondent. In June 1817, he moved to St. Louis, and while there, he made frequent trips to Illinois. Seeing the rich, fertile soil of the state, he abandoned the printer’s trade and engaged in farming. In order to fence and improve his farm, he worked at the printer’s trade to earn the money he needed. In the spring of 1819, he worked in the office of the Missouri Gazette in St. Louis. He then went to Edwardsville, where he assisted Hooper Warren in the establishment of the Spectator. He worked there for one year, then returned to farming. In 1822, Churchill was elected to represent Madison County in the General Assembly, where he used his pen to speak out against slavery. In 1824, he was reelected, and in 1838 he was elected a member of the State Senate. Thomas Lippincott purchased the Spectator and continued the publication until 1827, when he entered the ministry.

 

STAR OF THE WEST, September 14, 1822 - 1823+. Published by Miller and Stine, who represented the leading Democratic citizens of the place. It was the fourth paper then published in the State - these in the order of establishment were the Intelligencer, Vandalia; Gazette, Shawneetown; Spectator and Star of the West, Edwardsville. After six months the Star of the West went into the hands of Thomas J. McGuire and Company, who changed the name to the Illinois Republican.

 

WEEKLY MADISON PRESS, August 17, 1858 – December 15, 1858. Formerly the Madison County Enquirer. This Democratic paper was established and published by Theodore Terry and James R. Brown. Brown retired December 15, 1858, and the company was dissolved. Terry continued the Press.

 

WESTERN PLOUGHBOY, January 1, 1831 - January 17, 1832. An agricultural paper edited and published by John York Sawyer, and issued semi-monthly, except that one month elapsed between the second and third numbers. Twenty-five numbers of eight two-column pages were issued, after which the paper was merged in the Advocate, one page of which was thereafter given up to such agricultural matters as had previously appeared in the Ploughboy. This was the second agricultural paper issued west of the Alleghanies; it was the first in Illinois. "When it is recollected that only one agricultural paper (the Western Tiller) is printed west of the Alleghanies, and that most of the works on agriculture treat generally on the manner of improving the soil rather than selecting the most profitable crop, it will be seen that we have engaged in no trifling affair." (Item, March 12, 1832). The paper was printed by S. S. Brooks in the Advocate office. A file, lacking the first number, is in the library at the University of Illinois.

 

WESTERN WEEKLY MIRROR, May 1838 – Spring of 1840. Founded and edited by James Ruggles, and devoted to the introduction and propagation of a universal language. Changed to Sovereign People.

 

 

CITY OF GRANITE CITY:

 

 GRANITE CITY HERALD, 1906 – 1908. Ben Ford, publisher.

 

GRANITE CITY POST, ?

 

GRANITE CITY PRESS, 1903 – 1908. Published by C. W. Judd Print Company

 

GRANITE CITY PRESS AND HERALD, ?

 

GRANITE CITY PRESS-RECORD, 1912 - ?.

 

NARODEN GLAS (National Herald), ?. Bulgarian newspaper.

 

TRI-CITY LABOR HERALD, 1905-1906. Ben Ford, publisher.

 

 

CITY OF HIGHLAND:

 

ERZAEHLER, March 26 - May 7, 1859+. Established by Rudolph Stadtmann and John Harlen, Stadtmann, editor. April 30, Stadtmann became sole publisher. On May 7, 1859, the name was changed to Highland Bote.

 

HIGHLAND BOTE, May 7, 1859 - January 12, 1867+. Formerly The Erzaehler, Peter Weiss and Peter Voegele became proprietors, Weiss editor, June 25 - December 21, 1859. Peter Voegele became sole proprietor and publisher, with Heinrich Stiefel as editor from March 1, 1861, to August 17, 1862. On April 10, 1863, Voegele sold out to Timothy Gruaz, who changed the name to Highland Bote Und Schuetzen-Zeitung. An outspoken, fearless Democratic newspaper.

 

HIGHLAND BOTE UND SCHUETZEN-ZEITUNG, +January 12, 1867 - 1869+. June, 1868, Gruaz sold out to B. E. Hoffmann and Maurice Huegy, Hoffmann, editor. November 1869, Hoffmann purchased Huegy's interest and moved the material to Edwardsville, where the paper was continued as the Madison County Bote. The Bote was Democratic. Under the name of Bote und Schuetzen-Zeitung it was the official organ of the National Sharp-Shooters' Association.

 

HIGHLAND UNION, +1868 to date. John S. Hoerner became sole proprietor and editor March 18, 1874. In September 1898, Hoerner sold out to C. T. Kurz, who is still in possession in 1909. The Union has always been Republican.

 

UNION, October 24-1863 - 1868+. German. Established by the German Literary Society. C. H. Seybt was editor until January 28, 1865, then Dr. Gallus Rutz. December 28, 1866, Dr. G. Rutz and J. S. Hoerner became proprietors, with Dr. Rutz, editor. October 22, 1868 the name was changed to Highland Union.

 

 

CITY OF TROY:

 

WEEKLY BULLETIN, February 1873 - 1884. Established by James N. Jarvis, who continued the publication to 1881. Then he sold to George Armstrong and Joseph S. Umberger. In three months they sold to Henry B. Morriss. In 1882 Morriss sold to Dr. F. A. Sabin. In September 1883, Mr. Jarvis established the Troy Record, and in the spring of 1884 bought the Bulletin, merged the two plants and discontinued the publication of the Bulletin. The motto of the paper was "Independent in all things; neutral in nothing."

 

 

CITY OF UPPER ALTON:

 

AMERICAN PILOT, 1901 - ?, Weekly issue. Rev. Mr. Jamison, editor. Stated it was a revival of a paper which has been published elsewhere.

 

COLLEGE REVIEW, 1879 - ? Frank J. Merchant and John L. Pearson, editors. Issued by Shurtleff College students. Monthly.

 

QUI VIVE, 1868 - 1877? A college paper, edited by the students of Shurtleff College. Monthly.

 

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